Yerba Mate (Organic)
$6.50 – $19.10
Country of Origin: Brazil
Region: Southern Brazil – state of Parana and Mato Grosso
Grade: Unroasted Orange Pekoe
Altitude: Below 300m
Cup Characteristics: Greenish and vegetative. Mate is rich in caffeine and was used as a caffeine beverage in Latin America before the advent of coffee.
Infusion: Tending light and yellowish
Ingredients: Green Yerba Mate Leaf
Description: Also known as Paraguay tea and yerba mate; mate is an herb prepared from the leaves of a South America evergreen shrub, Illex paraguayensis, a relative of the common holly. The leaves are oval and about 6 inches long. Flowers of the plant are small and white. The fruit appears in small clusters of tiny red berries growing close to the stems of the plant. Like guarana and yopo, mate is rich in caffeine and was used as a caffeine beverage source by the native population of Latin America centuries before the European settlers arrived to establish coffee plantations.
Yerba Matte is called “The drink of the gods” by many of the indigenous people of South America who have brewed it for centuries. It was however, a people who believed in a different God that are responsible for the first commercial Yerba Matte plantations – Jesuit missionaries. Upon arriving in the new world, the Jesuits quickly adopted the native practice of drinking Yerba Matte as a tea. At the time, Yerba Matte leaves were only being harvested from wild stands of trees.
Owing to its widespread popularity, the Jesuits realized the large economic potential of the plant and founded the first Yerba Matte plantations during the mid 1600’s.
Mate leaves are processed somewhat like tea leaves. The tips of the branches are cut just before the leaves reach full growth and the leaves are steamed and dried (in fired mate the leaves are dried over fires) The dried leaves are sifted and allowed to age in order to enhance the flavor of the mate. The caffeine content of mate is comparable to that of mild arabica coffee.
A fabulous tea that is very natural and organic in flavour. It promotes energy and vitality and is high in anti-oxidants.
There are 196 volatile or (active) chemical compounds found in the Yerba Mate plant. Of those 144 are also found in green tea. Yerba Mate contains 11 polyphenols. Polyphenols are a group of phytochemicals.
Phytochemicals contain recently discovered compounds that act as powerful antioxidants and are considered to exhibit anticancer effects in mammals by strengthening an organisms natural defenses and protecting it against cellular destruction. In addition to polyphenols, yerba mate leaves contain saponins. Saponins are phytochemicals that have been found specifically stimulate the immune system and aid the body in protecting against disease.
Yerba Mate induces mental clarity: Some people claim that cigarette smoking helps them think more clearly and be more creative. For the most part, they are correct. Nicotine in moderation, has been shown to have positive effects on cognitive function. However, tobacco and tobacco smoke contain a multitude of other harmful chemicals. Why not get the same effect WITHOUT having to smoke? Yerba Mate has the ability to quicken the mind and increase mental alertness and acuity. Furthermore, it contains no nicotine and is not addictive or habit-forming.
Yerba Mate sustains Energy levels/Reduce fatigue: Yerba Mate is a central nervous system stimulant. The metabolic effects of mate appear to include the ability to maintain aerobic breakdown of carbohydrates during exercise for long periods of time. As a result, more calories are burned, thereby increasing cardiac efficiency and delaying the build up of lactic acid.
Yerba Mate boosts the immune system: The yerba mate plant contains a number of powerful known saponins.
Yerba Mate helps relieve allergies: Linda Rector Page, N.D., Ph.D., notes that yerba mate is helpful in opening respiratory passages to overcome allergy symptoms. Shown to reduce severity of some allergies and hay fever, yerba mate works by stimulating the adrenal glands to produce corticosteroids, which help suppress the inflammation and immuneresponse due to allergies.
Yerba Mate improves digestion: The Indians of South America traditionally use yerba mate to treat gastrointestinal disorders as eupeptic and choleretic agent. Research conducted by a team at Catedra de Farmacologia in Buenos Aires, Argentina found that yerba mate does in fact induce increase in bile flow and enhance intestinal transit.
Yerba Mate inhibits Peroxidation: A study conducted by Gugliucci and published in Biochemical Molecular Biology International (1995) claims low density lipoprotein (LDL, or bad cholestoral) oxidation is inhibited by extracts of yerba mate. Oxidation of LDL is considered to be the initiating factor to the onset of atherosclerosis (thickening and hardening of the arteries).
Yerba Mate fights bad breath: Polyphenols found in tea and yerba mate have been shown to prevent both the growth of bacteria responsible for bad breath and the bacteria’s production of odorous compaounds.
Hot tea brewing Method: Use 1 teaspoon per one cup of boiling water. Pour boiling water into pot and let it steep for 5-7 minutes. Pour into your cup and savour a South American tradition.
Traditional tea brewing Method: The tea is prepared from the dried leaves, using one teaspoon of dried leaves per cup of boiling water. The aroma and flavor are of vegetative green leaves.
The traditional native procedure involves making a cold water infusion in a small bowl and inserting a hollow tube or straw into the bowl, through which the tea is sipped. Some of the tubes are made of silver with a perforated strainer at the bottom to prevent the mate leaf particles from being sucked up through the tube. The bowl, called a cuya, and the tube, the bombilla are used in ceremonies at which participants take turns sipping mate through the silver straw.
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